The Labrador Retriever is one of the most popular breeds in the world by the number of registered copies. It is a breed from Newfoundland, present-day Canada. It is a noble, beautiful and very intelligent dog, suitable for all types of families.
If you are considering adopting a Labrador Retriever dog, it is very important that you first pay attention to the characteristics and character of this animal to carry out its education, training and care.
Although we are generally talking about a kind, docile and very patient dog, we should know that he is also a tireless friend who will need many hours of exercise and play to keep fit and avoid overweight, a common problem in this breed. Read on and find out all about the Labrador Retriever.
Despite its name, which alludes to the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador, the International Cinological Federation (FCI) recognizes the origin of the Labrador Retriever in Great Britain . However, the history of this popular breed is rather related to the island of Newfoundland and, more accurately, to the Canadian city of Saint John.
It is likely that the dog of Saint John (Saint John’s dog), direct ancestor of Labrador Retriver, was a descendant of British water dogs. These water dogs were reportedly taken to Newfoundland Island by English fishermen. On the island, the St. John’s dog was developed, which was used by fishermen to assist in fishing activities by dragging lines of fishing nets to shore.
These dogs should therefore be hardy, hardworking and good swimmers . In addition, they needed to have dense fur that protected them from the icy northern waters and thick tails that served as rudders. The smaller variety of St. John’s dogs would have given rise to different breeds of retriever dogs, including the Labrador Retriever.
In the mid-nineteenth century, some St. John’s dogs were exported to England, where they were used by some servants to obtain the perfect retriever dog. This is how, after several generations and a thorough selection, the dog Labrador Retriever was born in England. In the first decades of the twentieth century the morphological foundations of the race were established, as we know it today. By this time there were already several retrievers registered in the Kennel Club in England.
Labradors were imported into the United States during World War I. World War II had disastrous consequences for this race, as for all other races, and breeding was put in the background.
After World War II, the Labrador began to gain popularity. Little by little he was demonstrating his great qualities as a hunting dog, but what gave him the most popularity was his good character added to his pleasant appearance.
Nowadays, the Labrador Retriever dog is used for many activities. It is one of the favorite dogs of rescue and rescue groups, as a guide for the blind, assistance dog, therapy dog and the most popular canine pet in the world.
Labrador: physical characteristics
The Labrador Retriver is a medium-sized dog with a muscular, strong and compact body. His chest is broad and deep and his back is straight. This dog is slightly longer than tall. The Labrador Retriever’s head is large and has a long, wide muzzle. The breed has a scissor bite and the jaws are strong.
The Labrador dog’s ears are medium in size and hang over the sides of its head. The eyes have a lively and intelligent expression and are coffee or brown in color. The tail, characteristic of this breed, is thick at the base and ends at the tip. It has an abundant hair that gives it a round look. It is never bent over the loin.
The labrador dog’s fur is short, dense and undulating. This breed has a double coat. The inner coat is smooth and waterproof. The outer coat is harder and helps maintain impermeability. The accepted colors for the Labrador are black, chocolate and cream .
For males, the height of the cross is between 56 and 57 centimeters. For females, the height of the cross is between 54 and 56 centimeters. The weight of the males should be between 27 and 34 pounds. The weight of females should be between 25 and 32 pounds.
Labrador Retriever Personality
One of the most notable features of the Labrador Retriever is its character. Due to its friendly appearance and its exceptionally sociable character , this dog breed has been the most popular in the world for over a decade. In addition, the stability of character of these dogs has made them great partners of humanity, collaborating as rescue dogs, therapy dogs, assistance dogs and more.
The Labrador Retriever is sociable, friendly, loyal, intelligent and fun lover . This breed is easy to train, so it becomes good company if you have enough time and space. The Labrador dog is usually very friendly to people and dogs, but should be socialized brokering when still a puppy. A properly socialized Labrador Retriever is often a great companion for children.
This breed has a lot of energy and needs a lot of exercise . Therefore, although it may be suitable to live in an apartment, it is necessary to provide you with walks and also moments of play with other dogs. The Labrador Retriever’s taste for water is one of his behavioral characteristics. The breed also has a remarkable predisposition to collect, so it is easy to teach it to bring things.
Despite its great qualities, the Labrador Retriever often asks for attention often. It is important for the baby Labrador Retriever to avoid problems of excessive attention seeking and separation anxiety . In addition, Labradors often have a prolonged adolescence so not the best pets for people who prefer to pursue a sedentary lifestyle. But they are a good choice for those who enjoy physical activities abroad.
Many Labradors often approach other dogs smoothly and this can cause conflicts with unknown dogs. However, the Labrador Retriever is not a fan of fights and usually avoids them, although it can get you in trouble for their momentum and energy.
The Labrador Retriever can get used to living in a small apartment if it provides you with enough walks and exercise. The ideal would be to offer you about three daily tours , well distributed during the day. This routine should be combined with some active exercise for adult dogs as it is a breed known for its insatiable appetite that can lead to obesity if you allow it. In addition, exercise will help you channel your active and restless temperament, which is very common in this breed.
The toys are very important for the Labrador Retriever and will help us find new ways to channel all the energy that this dog has. Some Labrador dogs usually get into the habit of biting everything when they are puppies. Classic dog bites may help solve this problem.
Finally, we remember the importance of bathing him every month or month and a half as well as brushing him. This will help to prevent parasites from appearing and our dog to have silky, shiny and clean fur.
The Labrador Retriever is a relatively easy-to-educate and training dog for its sociable character and predisposition to affection and prizes. Ideally, you should start working from your puppy stage to socializing the dog, a process that should continue to work until its adult stage. The ideal is to relate it to all kinds of people, animals and objects, thus avoiding the development of phobias and fears in their adulthood.
On the other hand, it will also be very important for you to learn basic obedience commands , such as sitting, sitting still, answering each time you call. All of these commands will not only help us with the dog’s safety, but will also make our relationship with the dog good and mentally stimulated . Since the Labrador Retriever has excellent qualities, it will no longer encourage you with games and activities of all kinds. A way to keep you agile and happy as you love games and fun.
The Labrador Retriever is a relatively healthy dog with a long life expectancy, which stands out for its fitness and excellent health. However, the excessive inbreeding to which this breed has undergone can cause genetic diseases that, unfortunately, usually appear when the dog ages. A very common example is hip dysplasia .
When the dog is a puppy we should provide him with his first vaccinations and should continue with his lifelong vaccination schedule . This will prevent you from suffering some of the most dangerous diseases for dogs.
For our dog to enjoy optimal health, it is best to consult the veterinarian every 6 months for a basic review that will tell us if everything is ok. Likewise, we can prevent the onset of some illnesses by providing you with good care for our Labrador Retriever dog.
Finally, it is important to note that the Labrador is prone to obesity if they eat a lot of treats and if their daily exercise is not enough they begin to develop this health problem (which in addition causes muscle and joint problems). . Discover on Animal Expert how to prevent obesity in dogs .
- Endal, a labrador retriever from Britain, was awarded the Millennium Dog for his devotion to the must. His intelligence and initiative saved his life to an unconscious home. The dog has placed the man in the safety side position, thus saving his life. In addition, he retrieved his cell phone, found a blanket, covered the man and alerted the nearest houses for help. When not received attention, the dog ran to a nearby hotel where he finally managed to alert someone to the state of the unconscious man.