Types of Horse Therapies


Animals are able to improve human health in many ways. In fact, animal-assisted therapies began in England in the year 1872 and it was in the year 1875 that a French neurologist discovered all the benefits horses could offer their animals. patients.

Thus are born equestrian therapies also known as hypotherapies , or hippotherapies, which have not ceased to be used from their origin until today, to improve the quality of life for many people. Want to know what are the different types of horse therapies ? So be sure to read this article from Animal Expert where we enter this fascinating world.


The animal company is associated with numerous improvements for humans, so it is now possible to perform animal therapies for older people or find a good solution with assisted dog therapy .

But horses, these animals that arouse so much fascination have in addition an important feature, the movement they present is very similar to the physiological pattern of human gait , so they are able to improve various pathologies when these therapies are performed with qualified professionals.

It is an integral therapy, since it improves not only physical aspects of the human being, but also social, mental and psychological. The different types of horse therapies we can find are mainly indicated for the following cases:

  • Muscle coordination issues
  • Cerebral palsy
  • Autism
  • Down’s syndrome
  • Spinal cord injuries
  • Parkinson
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Fibromyalgia
  • Developmental Disorders

Within the important scope of hippotherapy different disciplines can be distinguished , then we explain to you what each of them consists of.

Types of Horse Therapies

The most common equestrian therapies currently used to alleviate various diseases are mainly:

  • Therapeutic riding : This type of hippotherapy goes beyond simple riding, as it proposes to the patient to be responsible for the various care that the horse needs. Acquiring this responsibility has a very positive impact on the ability to interact and independence.
  • Adapted Horse Riding : This type of therapy is dedicated to those people who like riding more, who suffer from some form of physical disability and therefore need the horse to adapt to their individual needs.
  • Hypotherapy : It is mainly based on the movement of the horse and can be performed with the same on the same. This type of therapy generates various stimuli on the patient to ultimately improve aspects such as coordination or balance.
  • Therapeutic circle : In this case the horse is mounted with only a blanket so that it can perform movements on the horse’s back. This therapy not only has physiotherapeutic goals, it also has a psycho-pedagogical goal.
  • Social equine therapy : This therapy takes advantage of the affective bond established with the horse to help the patient overcome his adaptation conflicts and thus be able to integrate better into society.
  • Equestrian occupational therapies : These are those that are performed to favor the labor insertion of people with disabilities.

Horse Therapy Professionals

The professionals involved in horse therapies belong to several disciplines, although the ones that stand out are the following:

  • Psychologists
  • Physiotherapists
  • Pedagogues
  • Horse Riding Technicians
  • Occupational Therapists

In order for a person to see significant health improvements it is absolutely necessary that horse therapies are performed under the supervision of these professionals and in a place suitably adapted for this purpose.